It is the northernmost of all the baboons, being native to the Horn of Africa and the southwestern tip of the Arabian Peninsula. These regions provide habitats with the advantage for this species of fewer natural predators than central or southern Africa where other baboons reside. The hamadryas baboon was a sacred animal to the ancient Egyptians and appears in various roles in ancient Egyptian religion, hence its alternative name of 'sacred baboon'.
Females give birth to a single baby after 170 days of gestation. Baboons are aseasonal so they can reproduce at any time of the year. Males are much larger than females and can reach 37-55 pounds while females typically weigh 20-30 pounds.
¨ They make use of ten different forms of vocalizations to communicate with one another. These mainly include grunts, barks and screams. The non-vocal forms include lip smacking, shoulder shrugging and so on.
¨ Baboons are highly opportunistic in their nature and will eat almost anything that they come across. This includes small mammals, hares, ground nesting birds, roots, tubers and even marine animals that come near the shore.
¨ Ancient Egyptians considered the hamadryas baboons to be sacred.