Muntjac, the smallest deer in the world, grows to a maximum height of 1.5 ft high at the shoulder, but most are much smaller. Most adults will weigh between 18-25 pounds. Males will grow annually shed, small, spike-like, antlers once they are sexually mature. Both males and females are born with spots that are eventually lost once the adult fur coat has grown in. Muntjac have a hunched appearance and stand on thin legs with a rather robust body. Sexual maturity is typically reached at around 2 years of age, but can occur as young as 8 months old.
They are also known as the ‘barking’ deer as they make a barking noise when startled or when calling other members of the group. They also become quite noisy during mating, which is not seasonal, and just before parturition. Gestation lasts 7-7.5 months and females give birth to a single fawn. Muntjac are unique in that they will begin to ovulate 24 hours after giving birth, giving female muntjac the ability to be perpetually pregnant.
¨ Muntjac breed back 24 hours after giving birth.
¨ Smallest of all the deer species.
¨ Muntjac have large glands under their eyes which they can open and close. Large enough to fit a human thumb into!
¨ They also have large slit-shaped glands on their foreheads.