Muntjac Deer

Muntjac Deer
Muntiacus reevesi

Muntjac, the smallest deer in the world,  grows to a maximum height of 1.5 ft high at the shoulder, but most are much smaller.  Most adults will weigh between 18-25 pounds.  Males will grow annually shed, small, spike-like, antlers once they are sexually mature.  Both males and females are born with spots that are eventually lost once the adult fur coat has grown in.  Muntjac have a hunched appearance and stand on thin legs with a rather robust body.  Sexual maturity is typically reached at around 2 years of age, but can occur as young as 8 months old.

They are also known as the ‘barking’ deer as they make a barking noise when startled or when calling other members of the group.  They also become quite noisy during mating, which is not seasonal, and just before parturition.  Gestation lasts 7-7.5 months and females give birth to a single fawn.  Muntjac are unique in that they will begin to ovulate 24 hours after giving birth, giving female muntjac the ability to be perpetually pregnant.

Interesting Facts:

¨ Muntjac breed back 24 hours after giving birth.

¨ Smallest of all the deer species.

¨ Muntjac have large glands under their eyes which they can open and close.  Large enough to fit a human thumb into!

¨ They also have large slit-shaped glands on their foreheads.