Addax antelope

Addax nasomaculatus

This pale antelope has long, twisted horns. It is closely related to the oryx, but differs from other antelopes by having large, square teeth like cattle, and lacking the typical facial glands.  It is native to the Sahara region but wild populations are near extinction.  Recent calculations of little more than a few hundred in the wild.  Males and females are similar in size and horn growth with the males being slightly larger and having broader horns.  Females give birth to a single calf at any time of the year after a gestation of 260-270 days.

Interesting Facts:

¨ Addax possess broad, flat hooves with flat soles that help prevent them from sinking into the desert sand.

¨ These antelope are one of the few species where male and females have horns of the same size.

¨ These desert antelopes' coat color changes from dark grayish-brown in winter to white in the summer - an efficient method of maintaining body temperatures.

¨ Addax will dig depressions in the sand in which to rest. These are often located in the shade of boulders for protection from the wind and sun.

¨ Often considered the most-well adapted antelope to a desert environment, addax rarely need to drink since they are able to get most of the water they need from the plants they eat.

Newborn Addax, Young Addax, Male (Bull) Addax, Female (Cow) Addax